Scroll design can be individual to the violin maker, but they, in essence, all look similar.
When luthiers started to experiment, however, scroll design could become quite interesting.
In this violin by Jean Baptist Vuillaume (1798-1875), the scroll has been turned into the head of an old man:
The Norwegian violinist Ole Bull’s Gaspar di Salo violin had a headscroll in the shape of a woman’s head, supposedly carved by the sculptor Benvenuto Cellini
On this cello, the scroll has been delicately cut out and floral designs added:
On two modern limited edition solid gold-plated violins, the scrolls have been transformed into death’s heads, with diamonds for decoration and rubies or sapphires for the eyes. These were made by electric instrument-maker Bridge and jewellery designer Theo Fennell. To balance the weight of the gold and jewels, the instrument were constructed from a special carbon and Kevlar blend so that they would be light enough to be played. These were made for the electric violin duo Fuse, who earlier had commissioned Swarovski jewel-encrusted violins.
What’s more common, however, is changing the scroll design into an animal. For some reason, lions are the most common, but other animals, both common (cats) and fantastic (dragons) also appear.
This French double bass scroll in the form of a lion comes from an instrument attributed to maker Léon Mortin
Modern maker Bulgaria’s Petko Petkov from Bulgaria made this lion-head violin.
It was based on the design of violins from Middenwald, Germany, that were very common in the 1860s to the end of the 19th century.
The curled down head of this cat scroll seems both demure and, perhaps, a reference to the sounds that both violins and cats can make when angry!
This dragon scroll is very Chinese in design and the imagery is continued downward with the scales.
None of these designs change the essential sound of the instrument on which they appear. Think about the psychological advantage, however, when you’re attacking those high notes and, at the end of your violin, about to nip your fingers is a lion…